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The Residential Capital Stack



Download the overview PDF that shares how you can maximize the impacts of HOMES, HEEHR, 25C Tax Credit, WAP, and Utility Programs for existing single-family homes.

The Department of Energy (DOE)’s Home Energy Rebate Programs, enacted in the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) of 2022, aim to save consumers money on home efficiency and electrification upgrades to cut energy use and carbon emissions in residential buildings. The historic $8.8 billion in funding for these programs—the largest pot of money ever for home energy efficiency and electrification rebates—has tremendous potential to reduce residential greenhouse gas emissions, while also helping low- and moderate-income households better heat and cool their homes, save money on their utility bills, and increase resiliency to extreme weather.

To ensure these investments reach their full potential, state rebate programs should coordinate federal, state, and utility dollars while pointing participants to additional federal tax credits. Stacking rebates and tax credits will unlock maximum decarbonization outcomes while saving consumers the greatest amount of money.

Download the Residential Capital Stack PDF ›

Related Resources

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Residential Products Meeting CEE’s Highest Tier

See a summary of products that meet the highest efficiency tiers established by the Consortium for Energy Efficiency (CEE).

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IRS: Residential Clean Energy Credit (25D)

This flyer explains which home energy efficiency installations are eligible for clean energy credits and how to apply for the tax credits.

Download this BPA resource

IRS: Energy Efficient Home Improvement Credit (25C)

This flyer explains how consumers can save money on utility bills & receive tax credits for home energy efficiency improvements.