October 2022 – Maryland Policy Update
October 19, 2022
BPA tracks the latest policy updates and legislative issues in many states across the nation. See the latest policy information for Maryland as of October 2022.
Disclaimer: Inclusion of any bills/regulations in this state policy update does not equate to BPA’s endorsement.
The Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) has established a new Electrification Study Work Group to complete a study on the potential impacts of an all-electric building code on Maryland’s gas and electric service. The study may be used by the state legislature and agencies to support broader emissions reduction mandates in the Climate Solutions Act of 2022 to require net zero emissions by 2045 and for public, commercial, and multifamily residential buildings over 35,000 square feet to achieve 20 percent reductions in emissions by 2035 (more details below).
Separately, the PSC issued an Order on May 13 establishing a new Work Group to develop a Maryland-specific unified benefit-cost analysis (UBCA) framework. The Commission decision states that a UBCA will better align energy efficiency, demand response programs, and long-term infrastructure planning with State climate and equity efforts and encourage programs that fulfill the needs of the grid and the goals of the State, while helping to increase transparency and efficiency in the assessment of energy resources.
Meanwhile, on May 27, Governor Hogan vetoed legislation that would have established a low-income energy efficiency target through EmPOWER–setting a target of 0.4% annual energy savings in 2023 increasing incrementally up to 1% annual energy savings by 2026, and also would have created a Green and Healthy Task Force to analyze and advance the coordination of resources to address the housing needs of low–income communities. The bill will need to be reintroduced in 2023 when the next legislative session starts.
- In August, PSC ordered a new Electrification Study Work Group to conduct a study on “the capacity of each [utility’s] gas and electric distribution systems to successfully serve customers under a managed transition to a highly electrified building sector.” These actions follow new state law passed in April, the Climate Solutions Now Act, that requires PSC to file a report with results from the electrification study by September 30, 2023. PSC is anticipated to convene the new work group over the coming months to develop a detailed plan and schedule for the study.
- PSC also released an order on June 15 providing direction on the future of EmPOWER Maryland energy efficiency programs beyond 2023. The order confirmed a new goal structure for EmPOWER programs based on greenhouse gas reductions and updates to evaluation, measurement, and valuation (EM&V) and cost-effectiveness testing to better assess utility and state investments made through EmPOWER. Alongside the new Electrification Study Work Group, the June order directs the Future Programming Work Group, composed of utilities, PSC staff, and stakeholders, to develop recommendations for specific greenhouse gas reduction goal values for energy efficiency programs in Maryland and file a report with the PSC by January 2023.
- In March, the Clean Energy Advantage (CEA) Loan Pilot Program officially launched, offering low-cost loan financing with no contractor fees for residential property owners to reduce energy bill costs and improve home comfort including through insulation upgrades, HVAC system replacements, and weatherization measures. The CEA Loan Pilot Program is administered by the Maryland Clean Energy Center and the Montgomery County Green Bank and authorized by the Maryland Public Service Commission (PSC) with $2.9 million in ratepayer funds through 2023. The program is open to residents across Maryland utility service territories including BGE, SMECO, Potomac Edison, Delmarva Power, Pepco, and Washington Gas. To submit an application for the CEA Loan Program or learn more about the program, contractors and customers may visit https://cealoan.org/.
January 12 until April 11.
Enacted bills in 2022:
- SB 528 Climate Solutions Now Act of 2022 requires developing a plan to set the state on a path toward net-zero GHG emissions by 2045 and updating Maryland Department of Environment building emissions standards to achieve decarbonization in buildings. The law sets a target for state-owned, commercial, and multifamily buildings over 35,000 sq/ft to reduce emissions 20% by 2035 (manufacturing buildings, restaurants, and food service facilities are exempted). Newly constructed buildings must be “electric ready” beginning in January 2023. To meet these decarbonization targets, the Act establishes a Building Energy Transition Implementation Task Force to develop policy recommendations for funding building retrofits and reducing emissions from the building sector. The bill was passed on March 31 and enacted into law on April 9 without the Governor’s signature.
- SB 314 Mechanical Insulation Tax Credit allows an income tax credit for the purchase of commercial and industrial mechanical insulation installations that cost more than $10,000 including for HVAC systems. This bill was introduced last session but was not voted on. The General Assembly passed this bill on April 9.
- HB 706 / SB 630 Maryland Department of Emergency Management – Office of Resilience requires the Maryland Environmental Service to coordinate with a newly established Office of Resilience to “promote the use of electric heat, electric heat pumps, and electric appliances” to reduce gas and fossil fuel use. The General Assembly passed SB 630 on April 11.
- HB 772 / SB 494 Maryland Energy Administration – Energy and Water Efficiency Standards would update MEA efficiency standards for a range of appliances, including residential ventilating fans and air purifiers. Fixed indoor air quality systems do not qualify. It was introduced last year and passed in the Senate but did not advance in the House Committee on Economic Matters. The General Assembly passed HB 772 on April 8.
Bills vetoed by the Governor in 2022:
- HB 108 / SB 524 Energy Efficiency and Conservation Programs – Energy Performance Targets and Low-Income Housing would establish a low-income goal for the EmPOWER program, requiring the Department of Housing and Community Development (DHCD) to procure or provide energy efficiency and conservation programs and services for low-income households to achieve 0.4% gross annual energy savings starting in 2023 and reaching 1% by 2026. As passed, the bill does not prohibit the use of spray foam (“respiratory sensitizers”) for thermal insulating materials. The legislature voted to pass this bill on March 31 and send it to the Governor’s desk for signature.
Bills considered but not passed in 2022:
- HB 43 Maryland Sustainable Buildings Act of 2022 would require the Department of General Services to establish and periodically update energy performance standards to minimize energy consumption for all State buildings, and to construct or renovate all State buildings to meet those standards. This legislation was approved in the House of Delegates in 2021 but never received a vote in the Senate.
- HB 138 / SB 283 Electric Universal Service Program Eligibility would expand eligibility to include low-income residents that do not already qualify for the Federal Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program but meet another specified set of criteria. The program provides financial assistance for weatherization assistance as well as bill assistance.
- HB 88 / SB 525 Public Utilities – Energy Distribution Planning and Required Labor Standards orders the Public Service Council (PSC) to create a Distribution System Planning Work Group to make recommendations that would promote decarbonization efforts through distributed energy resources, peak load management, electric grid resiliency, and adaptation. The Work Group would publish their findings January 1, 2023, and annual reports thereafter to the Commission for Energy Distribution System Planning.
- HB 61 / SB 81 Charter Counties-Enforcement of Building Performance Laws (Building Performance Standards Act of 2022) would authorize charter counties to enforce local building energy performance laws for buildings greater than 25,000 feet. This legislation was proposed in 2021 and reintroduced this year.